"With our lead anti-GITR candidate, FPA154, now in pre-IND enabling studies, we are pleased to highlight our first preclinical data supporting the development and differentiation of this novel, tetravalent antibody," said
FPA154 has been designed using single-domain antibodies in a tetravalent format, inducing effector T cell stimulation in vitro that is superior to a conventional bivalent antibody format and conferring agonistic activity even in the absence of Fc-mediated crosslinking. The poster features preclinical data provided by a mouse-reactive surrogate molecule that demonstrate potent inhibition of tumor growth in mouse tumor models:
- Potent anti-tumor activity following a single dose: A single dose of tetravalent anti-GITR significantly inhibited tumor growth in multiple models including CT26 and MC38. Treatment was capable of inducing complete tumor rejection, and activity was observed at doses as low as 0.08 mg/kg in both models.
- Fc-independent activity: Tetravalent anti-GITR antibody retained partial tumor growth inhibition activity even in the absence of Fc-mediated crosslinking or effector function, whereas a conventional bivalent antibody (DTA-1) required Fc function.
- Pharmacodynamic responses: Tetravalent anti-GITR antibody treatment reduced the number of T cells in the peripheral blood 3 days post-treatment. In the tumor, Treg and conventional CD4 T cells decreased, but CD8 T cell numbers were maintained. This resulted in a ratio of CD4 and CD8 effector T cells to Treg that created a favorable environment for an effective anti-tumor immune response.
- Induction of long-term immunity: Mice that eliminated CT26 tumors in response to tetravalent anti-GITR were resistant to tumor regrowth upon re-challenge with the same tumor, but not to an antigenically-unrelated tumor.
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